Although India has a strong democracy and the highest voter participation in the world, we continue to see a growing gap of inequality among the people of the country. One factor that plays a large role in this is the small amount of education that people get in the country. With an already large population that continues to grow at a rate of two percent a year, it is simply difficult to educate everyone. Since the population continues to grow, there should be an increase in schools. However, this is not the case and therefore we see illiterate youth among the Indian people. Also, health conditions throughout India are terrible. In the article entitled India’s Inequality: An Uneasy Reconciliation with Economic Growth writer Roberto Zagha states that India has the largest number of poor people in the world even more than Africa. The people of India face many developmental problems such as infrastructural issues which include limited access to clean water. As a result, we see high mortality rates and malnutrition because India does not have access these basic needs.
Another problem that continues to spread the inequality in India is President Narendra Modi’s drive to have the country manufacture more. This means more people would work industrial jobs in order to try to produce for the country to in turn achieve a higher GDP. As a result of this drive, we see economic growth in the country but inequality still continues to persist. In Patrick O’Neil’s case study, it says that more than half of all Indians rely on agriculture as their living means. With half of the country focusing on agriculture and half of the country pouring money into industry, we see a disconnect. Because their leader is pouring money into the wealthier people’s jobs and not worrying about the poorer half of his population in agriculture there is economic divide. As a result, we see more than one fourth of Indians living on less than a dollar a day. So, while it may seem positive that India’s economy is growing, inequality persists and divides the country further.
O’Neil, Patrick H. Cases in Comparative Politics. 5th ed. S.l.: W W Norton, 2015.
Zagha, Roberto. India’s Inequality: An Uneasy Reconciliation With Economic Growth. Accessed November 2, 2015.
Vakulabharanam, Vamsi. “OPINION: Is Inequality in India Here to Stay?” Is Inequality in India Here to Stay? Accessed November 2, 2015.