With the collapse of the Soviet Union back in 1991, countries previously included in the Union started forming their own independent states; many of them, forming into democracies. Moreover, many countries which were not geographically involved with the Soviet Union finally found the liberty to focus on their own problems, rather than trying to oppose the UUSR. These changes gave a huge boost to the democratization of the world, effectively creating a higher number of democratic states. This was thought to be “a natural trend, due to a general law of social progress” (Huntington, 17), considering that the natural development of a society eventually brings it to democracy. Current results show it does not.
Even though years passed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and previously-dominated countries had their opportunity to develop stable democracies, the world is not uniformly democratic. Rather, the state of the world currently entails a standoff between the highly democratic west, and the vastly authoritarian east. Two powerhouses currently dominate the world with their economic development and integral roles in world politics: Russia and China. Moreover, the Middle East is currently under a power-hungry war, which, at least for now, does not seem to be heading towards democracy. These countries, in turn, show aggression and are willing to use power to broaden their borders, best evident in Russia’s successful attempt at claiming Crimea as its own, receiving minimal backlash from the rest of the political scene. One of the current issues with upholding democracy is the lack of support from other democratic countries. Other than the case of Crimea, Russia has attempted to invade other countries such as Georgia, making their way to the capital, only held back by the presence of representatives from two other countries, who decided to support Georgia in this war. Even though they were unsuccessful one time, there is currently nothing keeping Russia from re-enacting their plot against other nearby countries, effectively widening their horizons.
Considering the current democratic state of the world, unless some drastic changes occur in the world’s political scene, democracy is quite likely to decline even in the countries where it’s already well-established. The natural development of society is most definitely not towards democracy; furthermore, history shows that for the most of our world’s history, the dominating regime has been authoritarian: even now, the two authoritarian powerhouses are ones with ancient history. Democracy is commonly perceived as the correct way of social power-distribution; however, results and evidence speak otherwise, and unless drastic changes are made against the development of authoritarian regimes in the world, democracy is likely to decline.
Samuel, Huntington. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. University of Oklahoma Press.
“Freedom in the World 2015.” Freedom in the World 2015. Accessed October 13, 2015.
Biddle, Jo. “Study Finds Democracy In Decline Around The World.” Business Insider. January 16, 2013. Accessed October 13, 2015.
“Democracy.” – Global Issues. Accessed October 13, 2015. http://www.globalissues.org/article/761/democracy