In Gov 100 we learned about the system, institutions, and policies of the United States. The constitution, checks and balances, and the articles of confederation were put into place to have the people’s voices heard, to make it difficult to pass laws, and to distribute power among the branches of government. Democracy was not made to be efficient or easy. It can be messy and there are many different components. Schmitter and Karl bring up this argument, in the section What Democracy Is Not, “democracies are not necessarily more effect administratively” (Schmitter and Karl’s, 82). I prefer Schmitter and Karl’s definition of democracy because they recognize decisions that effect the majority of the population should not be taken lightly and should be consulted with multiple experts.

Another concept that was intriguing, by Schmitter and Karl, speaks to the idea that there isn’t just one type of democracy and therefore it deserves a broad definition. The authors gave several examples of subtypes of democracy and how democracies differ. Democracy is not just made up of one institution but it can have different combinations of multiple components. These authors break down the concepts, procedures and principles that are essential to democracy. Democracies are different depending on “social cleavages and such subjective factors as mutual trust, the standard of fairness, and the willingness to compromise.” (Schmitter and Karl’s, 82) I prefer their argument because there is a proper definition of democracy and fundamental similarities however democracies around the world do not all look the same.


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